Spondylolisthesis (stress fracture causing vertebrae to slip out of position)
In spondylolisthesis, one of the vertebra in the spine slips forward and out of place. This may occur anywhere along the spine, but is most common in the lower back. In some people, this causes no symptoms at all. Others may have back and leg pain that ranges from mild to severe.
Many types of spondylolisthesis can affect adults. The two most common types are degenerative and spondylolytic. Degenerative spondylolisthesis occurs when the vertebrae lose flexibility and strength, either from natural aging or arthritis, and shrink, swell, and move out of place. The other type, spondylotic spondylolisthesis is when a break in a lower back bone causes a vertebra to move out of place.
For some, the pain and discomfort of spondylolisthesis may be relieved with nonsurgical treatments such as anti-inflammatory or pain medications, injections of steroids or anti-inflammatory medications, and physical therapy, including exercises to strengthen the back and abdominal muscles. If non-surgical treatment does not relieve the symptoms, surgery may be necessary.
A lumbar laminectomy reduces the pressure on the spinal nerves and the irritation and inflammation of the spinal nerves. To perform a lumbar spine laminectomy, an incision is made down the center of the lower back and the muscles are…Read More »
Posterior Lumbar Fusion
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with the small bones in vertebrae. The basic idea is to fuse together the painful vertebrae so that they heal into a single, solid bone. In a posterior approach to…Read More »