Herniated Disc (Back)
About Herniated Disc (Back)
Lumbar Herniated Disc
Many patients with back pain, leg pain, or weakness of the lower extremity muscles are diagnosed with a herniated disc. When a disc herniation occurs, the cushion that sits between the spinal vertebrae is pushed outside its normal position. A herniated disc would not be a problem if it weren’t for the spinal nerves that are very close to the edge of these cushioning discs.
When a disc weakens, parts of it can shift and put pressure on a nerve or even the spinal cord. It may result in pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness. A variety of factors can make the discs weaker and more likely to get injured including aging, being overweight, and picking up heavy objects.
Symptoms may include pain in the back or neck, a burning sensation, arm and/or leg weakness, numbness, tingling, and bladder control problems. Most people suffering from a herniated disc respond well to nonsurgical treatment, which includes rest, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory or pain medications and physical therapy. If non-surgical treatment does not relieve the pain, surgery ay be needed.